Below is a list of terms you may hear during your journey

Term

Description

5-ASAs

Also known as aminosalicylates, are common drugs that decrease inflammation

Abscess

A collection of pus that collects in tissues, like the intestine wall

Anal Fissure

A crack in the tissue of the anus that can make using the bathroom painful

Anemia

Abnormally low quantity of hemoglobin (the part of a red blood cell that carries oxygen and gives it its red color) and, frequently, a low quantity of red blood cells

ANTI-TNF Therapy

A medication that works by blocking a protein called tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha

Antibody

A type of protein molecule that helps your body defend against and remove foreign items, such as viruses

Anus

The lowest part of the gastrointestinal tract where feces are released

Auto-Immune

The immune response of an organism against its own cells and tissues

Term

Description

Biologics

Generally engineered medications

Biopsy

The removal of a piece of your body’s tissue to be sent to a lab and analyzed

Bowel(s)

The intestines, including the small and large intestines

Cecum

The first part of the large intestine connected to the small intestine

Chronic

Persisting for a long time or constantly recurring

Colectomy

Surgical procedure to remove part or all of the colon

Colon

See “Large Intestine”

Colonoscopy

A medical procedure where a scope is inserted in the rectum to see the lower half of the GI tract

Crohn’s Disease

A type of IBD that causes inflammation and ulcers in any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the intestines to the anus

CT Scan

A cross sectional X-Ray image that generates detailed images of the body

Defecation

Releasing feces through the anus, using the bathroom

Digestion

The body’s process of taking the food eaten and breaking it down into nutrients to fuel the body

Digestive System

The bodily system that includes the mouth, stomach, pancreas, intestines, etc. that breaks down food to absorb the nutrients and process the remaining waste, now feces, to be defecated

Duodenum

The first part of the small intestine

Endoscopy

A procedure that examines the digestive tract. An endoscope is inserted with a light and camera on the end to have a closer look at the upper half of the digestive tract

Enteral

Given through the intestines as opposed to through an IV (example nutrition)

Extra-intestinal Manifestations (EIM):

Medical problems caused by or related to IBD that are located outside of the intestines

Feces

Waste that was processed through the intestines, the remains of food and bacteria

Fistula

An abnormal connection between two hollow spaces of organs

Fistulizing CD

Type of CD: Characterized by holes in the intestines

Flare Up

A sudden increase in the intensity of a disease’s symptoms

Gastroduodenal

Type of CD: Affects the stomach and Duodenum

Gastroenteritis

Inflammation of the stomach and intestines

Gastroenterologist 

A doctor whose specialty is on the gastrointestinal system and who will help you manage your IBD

Gastrointestinal Tract

(GI) The parts of the body from the mouth through the intestines to the anus that are involved in digesting and absorbing nutrients from food

Gut

The intestines

Granulomatous

Type of CD: Affects only the colon. Joint pain and skin lesions are more common

IBD

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IBS

Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Unlike IBD it is not due to abnormal immune response

Ileocolitis

Type of CD: The most common form of CD. This type affects the Ileum (end of the small intestine) and the colon (the large intestine)

Ileitis

Type of CD: Only affects the Ileum

Ileum

A portion of the small intestine

Immune System

The bodily system in charge of protecting it against infections

Immunomodulators

Medications that weaken or suppress the immune system

Incontinence

A lack of control of your bowel movements

Indeterminate Colitis

A type of IBD that doctors diagnose you as having when symptoms don’t entirely match either Crohn’s Disease or Ulcerative Colitis

Induction

Initial treatment to achieve remission

Inflammation

Tissue swelling as a result of the immune system’s reaction to perceived bodily threats, like infections

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

(IBD) A group of diseases that cause inflammation and pain in the gastrointestinal (GI) system, including Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis

Ostomy

The removal of part of the intestines needed by Colitis patients

Jejunoileitis

Type of CD: Characterized by the patchy areas of inflammation through the Jejunum

Jejunum 

A part of the small intestine

Joints

The parts of your body where two bones meet

Large Intestine

(Also known as the Colon) A part of the digestive tract that helps to process food and liquids before they become feces that are released to the rectum and anus when it is time to use the bathroom

Maintenance

Prevention of relapse, ensuring no disease activity

Mucous Membrane

Moist inner linings of organs, such as intestines, that produce mucous and help absorb nutrients

Perianal

Around or close to the anus

PICC

Peripheral inserted Central Catheter. An IV that can be used for a prolonged period of time

Polyp

A growth from a mucous membrane

Rectum

The last section of the intestine before the anus

Relapse

Return of disease activity

Remission

A time period when disease symptoms are lower or have disappeared

Steroids

A group of drugs that suppress the immune system and decrease inflammation

Stricture

An area of narrowing due to scar tissue

Triticale

A cross between wheat and rye

Ulcer

A sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can eat away at skin and cause pus to form

Ulcerative Colitis

(UC) A type of IBD that causes inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine, also known as the colon

Ulcer

A diagnostic imaging technique that uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of the blood vessels, tissues, and organs